# Do all mass - energy interactions give rise to all forces?

### Do all mass - energy interactions give rise to all forces?

Or do all forces give rise to all mass (matter) - energy interactions over space and over time?

'The Four Fundamental Forces of Nature',

https://www.clearias.com/four-fundamental-forces-of-nature/#:~:text=The%20Four%20Fundamental%20Forces%20of%20Nature%20are%20Gravitational%20force%2C%20Weak,the%20level%20of%20subatomic%20particles..
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### Re: Do all mass - energy interactions give rise to all force

I am puzzled by this. You ask whether "energy interactions" give rise to "forces" or if "forces" give rise to "energy interactions" give rise to forces. Then you have a link to an article on the "four fundamental forces" that says nothing at all about "energy interactions"!

(I am not clear what you mean by "energy interactions". I know what energy is but what kind of interactions do you mean?)

HallsofIvy

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### Re: Do all mass - energy interactions give rise to all force

HallsofIvy wrote:I am puzzled by this. You ask whether "energy interactions" give rise to "forces" or if "forces" give rise to "energy interactions" give rise to forces. Then you have a link to an article on the "four fundamental forces" that says nothing at all about "energy interactions"!

(I am not clear what you mean by "energy interactions". I know what energy is but what kind of interactions do you mean?)

Hmm. What causes a change (chemical, kinetic, nuclear, etc.) in or about a physical object/particle or mass? It is apparent that the probable cause is a force. But that force is energy/power driven by a source.

Example: Force = mass * acceleration. Force is the dependent variable, and mass (a form of energy) and acceleration are the independent variables. Force is energy/power applied to a physical object (mass, particle, etc) to cause acceleration of that object. Right?

What about acceleration? That depends on how much energy/power is applied to an object (mass, particle, etc.) to overcome its current inertia (resistance to change)

In short, energy-mass interactions gives rise to the four known forces of nature.
Guest

### Re: Do all mass - energy interactions give rise to all force

Nothing happens or exists without energy.
Guest

### Re: Do all mass - energy interactions give rise to all force

Energy interactions are about energy transfers/exchange/etc. between a source and an object or another source...
Guest

### Re: Do all mass - energy interactions give rise to all force

What's wonderful, useful, and interesting about mass-energy interactions is the work they create, change, or destroy. And often associated with work is a goal or objective or purpose. Work can be seen as a useful form of energy but not always (think entropy or energy loss or energy not available for useful work, i.e. heat).

A Fundamental Equation on How Our Universe Works:

$$W_{ork } = M_{ass } + E_{nergy }$$.

What is the ultimate goal of the Universe?

My guess is the Universes works to achieve perfection eternally.
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### Re: Do all mass - energy interactions give rise to all force

"My guess is the Universe works to achieve perfection eternally."
Guest

### Re: Do all mass - energy interactions give rise to all force

Nature (the working Universe) is quantized and extremely clever (wave-particle duality). And it has many or infinitely many working parts from the smallest sub-particles to the largest galaxies or sub-universes.

Moreover, Nature is interconnected or interdependent (think energy and think entanglement).
Guest

### Re: Do all mass - energy interactions give rise to all force

Guest wrote:What's wonderful, useful, and interesting about mass-energy interactions is the work they create, change, or destroy. And often associated with work is a goal or objective or purpose. Work can be seen as a useful form of energy but not always (think entropy or energy loss or energy not available for useful work, i.e. heat).

A Fundamental Equation on How Our Universe Works:

1. $$W_{ork } = M_{ass } + E_{nergy }$$.

What is the ultimate goal of the Universe?

My guess is the Universes works to achieve perfection eternally.

"All things work together for good to them that love (and trust) God." -- Romans 8:28.

Can we build a theory of energy (theory of everything) based equation one and what we currently know about energy?

Where do we tenatively start?

Postulate 0: Nothing happens or exists without energy.

Postulate 1: Energy tranfers or exchanges propagates at the maximum speed of light over space and over time.

Postulate 2: Energy creates fields that are bounded (mass) and unbounded (space, radiation, heat, etc.).

Postulate 3: Energy behaves both like a wave and like a partice (wave-particle duality.)

...
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### Re: Do all mass - energy interactions give rise to all force

Update:

"Can we build a theory of energy (theory of everything) based on equation one and what we currently know about energy?"
Guest

### Re: Do all mass - energy interactions give rise to all force

Remark: We hope to develop our theory of energy with the help of examples, efficient energy (power) generation, efficient energy storage/containment, etc.

Remark: Moreover, we hope to develop our theory of energy by solving important open problems in physics.
Guest

### Re: Do all mass - energy interactions give rise to all force

Postulate 4: Nature (the working Universe) is an open system.

Postulate 5: There are no completely closed subsystems in Nature. (There's always energy leakage: quantum tunneling, the weak force, etc.)
Guest

### Re: Do all mass - energy interactions give rise to all force

'Energy',

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Energy
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Nothing happens or exists without energy.
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Nothing happens or exists without energy.
Forms of Energy.jpg (644.89 KiB) Viewed 122 times
Guest

### Re: Do all mass - energy interactions give rise to all force

Exploring the Wave Equation:

'Wave Equation',

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wave_equation;

'PHYSICS AND THE WAVE EQUATION' by Prof. J. C. Slater,

https://www.ams.org/journals/bull/1946-52-05/S0002-9904-1946-08558-4/S0002-9904-1946-08558-4.pdf.
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### Re: Do all mass - energy interactions give rise to all force

"Simple seeks simplest (best) solution."

'Particle Energy and Interaction: Explained and Derived by Energy Wave Equations' by Prof. Jeff Yee,

https://vixra.org/pdf/1408.0224vB.pdf.
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### Re: Do all mass - energy interactions give rise to all force

Guest wrote:"Simple seeks simplest (best) solution."

'Particle Energy and Interaction: Explained and Derived by Energy Wave Equations' by Prof. Jeff Yee,

https://vixra.org/pdf/1408.0224vB.pdf.

"Simplicity has limits too."
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### Re: Do all mass - energy interactions give rise to all force

Guest wrote:Postulate 4: Nature (the working Universe) is an open system.

...

Hmm. "Negative energy is a concept used in physics to explain the nature of certain fields, including the gravitational field and various quantum field effects."

"A universe in which positive energy dominates will eventually collapse in a "Big Crunch", while an "open" universe in which negative energy dominates will either expand indefinitely or eventually disintegrate in a "big rip". In the zero-energy universe model ("flat" or "Euclidean"), the total amount of energy in the universe is exactly zero: its amount of positive energy in the form of matter is exactly cancelled out by its negative energy in the form of gravity."

Remark: Hmm. It seems Nature adopts duality universally.

'Negative Energy',

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Negative_energy.
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"Nothing happens or exists without energy."
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### Re: Do all mass - energy interactions give rise to all force

"Some Basic Features of Quantum Physics (Cophenhagen Interpretation via authors, Heisenberg and Borg):

* Neither matter nor electromagnetic radiation can be completely described without reference to both wave-like and particle-like particles.

* Wave and particle aspects are never seen in the same measurement.

* Heisenberg's uncertainty relationships (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uncertainty_principle) are intrinsic and cannot be violated.

* A subatomic entity (like an electron) is described the the mathematical construct called a wave function.

* Wave functions cannot be directly observed or measured.

* The square of a wave function gives information on the probabilities of future measurements.

* Wave functions change smoothly in time, and as time goes on a wave function typically takes on characteristics of more than one possible quantum state simultaneously.

* When a measurement is made, the wave function instantaneously changes to one singular state as a direct result of the measurement.

* The devices we use to make experimental measurements are themselves macroscopic, so they naturally measure classical things like position and velocity.

* Starting from the microscopic, as we gradually consider larger and larger systems the quantum mechanical description must approach the classical description.

* There is only one universe, and this is it."

Source: 'Quantum Physics' by Dr. M. Humphrey and by P. V. Pancella.
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### Re: Do all mass - energy interactions give rise to all force

Update:

"Source: 'Quantum Physics' by Dr. M. Humphrey and by Dr. P. V. Pancella."
Guest