Solve path integral

Solve path integral

Postby Guest » Wed Apr 29, 2020 5:39 am

Good morning, I'm hesitating with the following exercise:

Let [tex]\sigma[/tex] be the path:

[tex]x=\cos^{60}t, \;\;\;\;y=\sin^{60}t,\;\;\;\;z=t, \;\;\;\;0 \le t \le \frac{59 \pi}{2}[/tex]

Evaluate the integral


So that's the statement. Now, what I've done is changing the variables:

[tex]\mathrm{d}x=-60\sin t\cos^{59}t\, \mathrm{d}t[/tex]

for the three x, y and z. Then the integral becomes


Is that procedure correct? I mean, would the solution to the sum of the three integrals be the solution of the first integral with [tex]\sigma[/tex]?

Thanks in advance

Re: Solve path integral

Postby Guest » Sun May 24, 2020 12:49 pm

Yes, that is correct. And since the first two integrals have odd powers of both sine and cosine, you can factor out one to use with differential. For example to integrate [tex]sin^{59}(t)cos^{59}(t) dt[/tex], write it as [tex]sin^{59}(t)cos^{58}(t)(cos(t)dt)= sin^{59}(x)(cos^2(t))^{29}(cos(t)dt)= sin^{59}(t)(1- sin^2(t))^{29}(cos(t)dt)[/tex] and use the substitution [tex]u= sin(t)[/tex] so that [tex]du= cos(t)dt[/tex] and the integrand becomes [tex]u^{59}(1- u^2)^{29}du[/tex]. That is not at all complicated but it does look tedious!

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