Perimeter, perimeter formulas
Perimeter of a figure is the sum of the lengths of all sides.
Not all figures have perimeter, for example a ball(sphere) does not have a perimeter.
The standard notation for perimeter in math is the letter P
Perimeter of a square
Let's a square side is long a. Square have four equal sides so square perimeter is P = a + a + a +a or:
Perimeter of a rectangle
Let's a rectangle sides are long a and b.
The length of all its sides is P = a + b + a + b or:
Perimeter of a parallelogram
Let's palallelogram sides are long a and b
The length of all its sides is P = a + b + a + b so parallelogram perimeter is:
As you can see the perimeter of the parallelogram is equal the perimeter of the rectangle.
Perimeter of an isosceles trapezoid
Say the length of the parallel sides of a trapezoid are long a and b and the other two sides are long c(As we know isosceles trapezoid has two equal sides).
Perimeter of an equilateral triangle
As we know equilateral triangles have 3 equal sides. So if the length of the side is a then the perimeter formula is P = a + a + a
Perimeter of a parallelepiped
Parallelepiped is a figure that all sides are parallelogram.(Rectangular parallelepipeds is a figure that sides are rectangles.)
If bottom edges are long a and b then the perimeter of the bottom is P = 2a + 2b. Every parallelepiped have two bottoms so the perimeter of the two bottoms is (2a + 2b).2 = 4a + 4b. As we know parameter is sum of all edges. So we have to add four times c
Perimeter of a cube
Cube is a parallepiped that sides are squares(all edges are equal).
So the perimeter of a cube is the number of edges * length.
Every cube has 12 edges.
So the perimeter formula of a cube is: